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Mar/15/2014 - 08:09:57 am

Foot Bones & Picture




Foot Bones & Picture



Bones of the tarsus(the back partof the foot)
Talus
Calcaneus
Navicular bone
Cuboid bone
Medial, intermediate and lateral cuneiform bones

Bones of the metatarsus (the forepart ofthe foot)
Firstto fifth metatarsal bones (numbered from the medial side)

Bones of the toes or digits
Phalanges -- a proximal and a distal phalanx for the great toe;
proximal, middle and distal phalanges for the second to fifth toes

Sesamoid bones
Twoalways present in the tendons of flexor hallucis brevis



Origin and meaning of some termsassociated with the foot

Tibia: Latin for a flute or pipe;the shin bone has a fanciful resemblance to this wind instrument.
Fibula: Latin for a pin or skewer;the long thin bone of the leg. Adjective fibular or peroneal, which isfrom the Greek for pin.
Tarsus: Greek for a wicker frame;the basic framework for the back of the foot.
Metatarsus: Greek for beyond thetarsus; the forepart of the foot.
Talus (astragalus): Latin (Greek)for one of a set of dice; viewed from above the main part of the talus hasa rather square appearance.
Calcaneus: from the Greek forheel; the heel bone.
Navicular (scaphoid): Latin(Greek) for boat-shaped; the navicular bone roughly resembles asaucer-shaped coracle.
Cuboid: Greek for cube-shaped.
Cuneiform: Latin for wedge-shaped.
Phalanx: Greek for a row ofsoldiers; a row of bones in the toes. Plural phalanges.
Sesamoid: Greek for shaped like asesame seed.
Digitus: Latin for finger or toe.Digiti and digitorum are the genitive singular and genitive plural -- ofthe toe(s).
Hallux: Latin for the great toe.Hallucis is the genitive singular -- of the great toe.
Dorsum: Latin for back; the uppersurface of the foot. Adjective dorsal.
Plantar: adjective from planta,Latin for the sole of the foot.
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