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Feb/24/2014 - 02:59:26 am

Heel Painfulness

The plantar fascia is a thick, broad ligament that runs along the bottom of the foot from the heel to the base of the toes. This fascia maintains the structure of the arch. According to MedlinePlus, the plantar fascia can become inflamed from injury or overuse, causing a dull ache on the sole of the foot. A heel spur can form on the heel bone, or calcaneus, where the plantar fascia attaches, causing pain along the sole. Conditions that predispose you to plantar fasciitis or formation of a heel spur include obesity, long-distance running and a rigid flat or high-arched foot. You Might Also Like Metatarsalgia and Arthritis

Ingrown Toenails. Ingrown toenails can occur in any toe but are most common in the big toes. They usually develop when tight fitting or narrow shoes put too much pressure on the toenail and force the nail to grow down into the flesh of the toe. Incorrect toenail trimming can also contribute to the risk of developing an ingrown toenail ( see How Is Foot Pain Prevented, in this report) Fungal infections, injuries, abnormalities in the structure of the foot, and repeated pressure to the toenail from high impact aerobic exercise can also produce ingrown toenails.

Treatment for Calluses. Calluses protect the feet and often do not need to be treated, but if a callus causes pain, several treatments are effective. Sanding the callus with a pumice stone after bathing is very helpful. Soft cushions placed in the heel of the shoes or under the ball of the foot can help relieve pain. Specially fitted shoe inserts are also helpful. Liquid solutions or medicated pads treated with salicylic acid, the same chemical used to treat corns, are also effective in removing calluses (For precautions, see Corns, above ). If calluses are well-developed and cause pain, professional trimming is recommended.foot pain icd 9

When the reason for foot pain is not known, it is important to let your doctor check for any underlying conditions you may have. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis can both cause foot pain. Diabetes can also cause you to experience foot pain. When this occurs, it is referred to Heel Spurs as diabetic neuropathy. This is a nerve pain that is intense and can cause your toes to cramp. For a diabetic, good blood glucose control can help prevent the pain. Once your doctor determines the cause of your foot pain, treating the pain will be easier. Prevention and Treatment

Healthy, balanced diet and regular exercises can help avoid pain on the top of the foot or at the bottom of the foot. A nutrients rich diet ensures proper functioning of body systems and bodily organs. You should also check whether you are wearing properly fitting shoes. Mild foot pain can be cured with oil massage, application of ice and heat and moderate exercises under the guidance of an expert. You can even apply balm or an ointment. Avoid exposing the foot to extreme cold. Try to keep it warm by wearing socks. Sometimes, providing sufficient rest to the foot helps get rid of the pain and discomfort.

Sport activities contribute significantly to side of foot pain with athletics and gymnastics being top of the list. There are two distinctive fractures than can cause intense side of foot pain and these are March fractures and Stress fractures. March fractures result from undertaking vigorous physical activity without the correct warm up procedures or when a person undertakes extreme exercise outside of their normal everyday activities. Stress fractures normally result from repetitive and excessive strain over a given period of time. From the onset of any side of foot pain , first treatment is to simply remember RICE. This stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation.

In today's world where fashion rules, lack of willingness to buy more comfortable shoes can lead to disaster. However, with the use of insoles for high heel shoes, ball of foot pain can be relieved with consistent wear. It is advisable to choose shoes that have a heel with a less than 2" heel and with a wider-profile heel such as a wedge to avoid future ball of foot pain. Be sure to elongate foot muscles with a stretch and have them massaged to encourage optimal blood flow to the feet.
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